Ancient Greek Swords – A Review of the Xyphos

A commonly over looked type of sword are Ancient Greek Swords. However they play a big part of history. We will be reviewing the Xyphos in great detail in this article.

Xiphos are Ancient Greek Swords that were utilized as a Secondary Battle Weapon by the Ancient Greeks. They were around during the Archaic Period from around 800 BC to 146 BC. The primary Battle Weapon of the Greeks was the spear and javelin. The typical Xiphos Blade is about 50-60 Centimeters in Length. However rumor has it that the Spartans were using blades about 1/2 this size during the Greco Persian Wars. The Cross Section of this weapon is usually diamond or lenticular which means lens shaped or shaped like a lens.

Xiphos Ancient Greek Swords were typically worn over a Baldric which was slung over the left arm. A Baldric is a belt which was used to sling a weapon over someones shoulder. Although the term Baldric is often referred to as just about any belt, this verbage is not technically correct and is typically used in poetry and mythology writings only.

Baldrics have been around and were used by the Greeks since the Ancient Times. The design of the Baldric is supports heavier weight much better than a generic waist belt does. Also using one of these allows unobstructed movement of the arms and allowed Greek Soldiers to grab the weapon quickly when they needed it for battle. Most of the time the Baldric was used in the Traditional Greek Military, however, they have been known to be used in ceremonial functions as well. Sometimes Military or Paramilitary outfits used these when they dressed up for ceremonies.

Xiphos Ancient Greek Swords were shaped like a left, so they were great at thrusting and cutting opponents on the battle fields. The design of the Xiphos hasn’t changed since its original model. These blades were typically made of Bronze and Iron. This was a preferred material since these metals are softer than steel and allows them to be forged easily. The original Xiphos was made from bronze. Later though they were constructed with iron.